Scania (Great Britain) Limited UK sales director Vincente Connolly says: " Electrification of the heavy commercial truck fleet is decisive in reaching the Paris Agreement target of limiting global warning to well below 2°C. E-vehicles will therefore increasingly become an attractive option and we will, in the initial stages, develop and deploy hybrid and fully electric trucks in partnership with progressive operators who share our ambition and commitment to sustainability."
The Scania fully electric truck – offered in L- and P-series rigid format – is offered with either a 165 or 300kWh battery pack to power its 230kW electric motor, equal to approximately 310 horsepower, producing up to 2,200Nm torque. Five batteries are used for 165 kWh, with nine batteries employed for 300 kWh. With the combustion engine removed, one battery is placed in the former engine tunnel with the remaining four or eight batteries placed along the chassis side. In 300 kWh format, a range of up to 250 kilometres can be achieved on a single charge.
The batteries can be charged by 130 kW DC using a Combined Charging System (CCS) connector. The charging time is said to be less than 55 minutes for the five-battery option and less than 100 minutes for the nine-battery option. In addition, the batteries are continuously charged in motion through regenerative braking energy.
Scania’s plug-in hybrid truck, also available in L- and P-series rigid format, provides opportunities to travel long distances in combustion engine mode and subsequently up to 60 kilometres in electric mode as required. Combined with renewable fuel, Scania's plug-in hybrid enables operators to significantly reduce their impact upon the environment.
As the plug-in hybrid truck also has a combustion engine, the available space for batteries is less than the fully electric truck. The plug-in hybrid is equipped with three batteries for an installed capacity of 90 kWh for its 115 kW electric motor. The charging time from zero to 80% is approximately 35 minutes. In addition to charging via regenerative braking energy, battery power can also be topped up during loading and unloading. The electric powertrain is combined with combustion engine options ranging from 280–360hp. The vehicle's range in electric mode is 60km.
Both these technologies build upon the Scania’s modular system, with components tried-and-tested for durability and reliability throughout Scania’s truck range.
In addition to general cargo and temperature-controlled transport, e-trucks can be equipped with a wide range of bodywork, such as hooklifts, tippers, concrete mixers and refuse collectors, as well as secondary support vehicles for the emergency services.
In support of operators looking to be early adopters of electric technology, Scania (Great Britain) Limited will initially be creating a series of regional servicing hubs strategically located throughout the UK. As uptake increases, additional servicing points will be added in accordance with demand.
"We are convinced that progressive customers will be eager to lead the way into electrification by taking the initial steps to future-proof their fleets,” says Vincente Connolly. "In major transport companies with large fleets, implementation gives them an early opportunity to gain experience in this area. Meanwhile, we know that large transport buyers are interested in reducing their carbon footprint.
The new vehicles also provide opportunities for increased vehicle utilisation, says the company. With silent deliveries, transport services can be extended well into the night and early mornings, avoiding traffic congestion and parking difficulties. Off-peak deliveries can be more than 30% quicker than on equivalent daytime transport routes thanks to simpler parking at delivery points, less queuing, higher speeds and more frequent green lights at intersections.
Scania’s president and CEO, Henrik Henriksson, said: "Looking ahead, we will annually launch electrified products for our entire range, and we are presently reorganising our production towards that end. Of particular significance is that in a few years’ time we will also introduce long-distance electric trucks adapted for fast-charging during drivers’ compulsory 45-minute rest periods."